(Web Desk) - Over 400, 000 Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh ever since violence erupted in Myanmar's Rakhine state in late August, according to figures provided by the United Nations.
Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi delivered her first speech on Tuesday about the exodus of Rohingya Muslims, a long-persecuted ethnic group targeted in a military crackdown following attacks by Rohingya militants on August 25.
"We want to understand why this exodus is happening".
Human rights monitors and fleeing Rohingya say the army and Rakhine Buddhist vigilantes have mounted a campaign of arson aimed at driving out the Muslim population.
Suu Kyi in her speech said, "50% of the villages of Muslims are intact". The military responded with what it called "clearance operations".
Suu Kyi sought to assure foreign diplomats gathered for her speech in Naypyitaw, the capital, that those who fled to Bangladesh would be allowed to return if they passed a "verification" process.
The Rohingya, who live mainly in northern Rakhine state near the Bangladesh border, have had a long and troubled history in this predominantly Buddhist nation of 60 million. "We'd like to talk to those who have fled, as well as those who have stayed", Suu Kyi said.
New York-based Human Rights watch released analysis of the latest satellite images on Tuesday urging world leaders meeting in NY to urgently adopt a resolution condemning the ethnic cleansing by Myanmar army. That would effectively bar the stateless Rohingya, who are now denied any legal status in Myanmar, have at various times had their documents confiscated by authorities, and fled to Bangladesh in most cases without collecting their belongings.
Anika, who is expecting a baby, said her husband Milon worked at a salon in Maungdaw's Fakira Bazar.
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Although the de facto leader of Burma's civilian government, Ms Suu Kyi is powerless to oppose the military which still maintains its tight grip on the country's security and controls the majority of seats in the parliament - making reform impossible without their agreement.
"Aung San Suu Kyi's claims that her government "does not fear global scrutiny" ring hollow". She invited the diplomats with visit villages that weren't affected so they could learn along with the government "why are they not at each other's throats in these particular areas".
"But let me be clear", Guterres said.
"She said a lot about the development of the country and the people and showed that people should be united".
Rohingyas living in a refugee colony near Kalindi Kunj said the leader in her address did not even once denounce the atrocities based on ethnicity that have been continuing for years in the Rakhine state and gave no guarantee to Rohingyas that they would be safe if they returned.
"There is overwhelming evidence that security forces are engaged in a campaign of ethnic cleansing", Gomez said.
The claims emerged during a petition hearing at India's supreme court filed on behalf of two Rohingya refugees challenging a government decision to deport the ethnic group from India.
The scenario was the same as the previous days, when many local people joined government agencies and NGOs to distribute relief goods to refugees in Ukhiya's refugees camps and nearby areas.