In an emotional scene on Monday, Iceland players led their devoted fans in jubilation as the country celebrated its first-ever trip to the World Cup.
The result guaranteed their spot at the 2018 World Cup as group winners and continued their remarkable run of recent success at global level.
While Ireland remain on course for a first World Cup finals appearance since 2002, surprise Euro 2016 semi-finalists Wales saw their dream of a first appearance at the tournament since 1958 turn to dust. Ukraine ended three points behind Croatia in third place.
Iceland and Serbia join host-nation Russian Federation, defending champion Germany, Spain, England, Belgium and Poland in the European contingent for the 2018 tournament.
Both Iceland and Eygpt did the inevitable with wins over Kosovo and Congo to qualify for the all-important FIFA World Cup 2018 in Russian Federation.
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Iceland made history by beating last-place Kosovo with a goal by Gylfi Sigurdsson in the first half and another by Johann Gudmundsson in the second, keeping the momentum from its inspiring run at Euro 2016.
Elsewhere, Ireland stunned Wales 1-0 to seal a spot in the playoffs.
The Eagles, captained by former Chelsea defender Branislav Ivanovic, were uninspiring in Belgrade but their 1-0 win against Georgia was enough to clinch top spot and ensure automatic qualification. Moreover, Eygpt acquired world cup berth in 28 years as Cairo crackled with firecrackers and celebrations continued from dawn to dusk.
Already-qualified Spain rounded off their campaign with a 1-0 win against Israal in Jerusalem, courtesy of a 76th-minute strike from Asier Illarramendi.
Inter midfielder Antonio Candreva scored the only goal of the game and Giampiero Ventura's men will be seeded in the draw for the play-offs, which is set to take place on 17 October.