A picture taken from the Mount of Olives shows the Old City of Jerusalem with the Dome of the Rock mosque in the centre.
Erdogan has been bitterly opposed to the decision of US President Donald Trump to recognise Jerusalem and has called a summit of Islamic countries on December 13 in Istanbul.
"We will not abandon Jerusalem to the mercy of a state that kills children".
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu reacted to critics in a statement before meetings in Paris on Sunday with French President Emmanuel Macron to be followed by a meeting with European foreign ministers in Brussels.
The Trump administration argues that any future peace deal is likely to place Israel's capital in Jerusalem, and old policies need to be abandoned to revive the moribund peace process.
He said: Palestine is an innocent victim.
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"Our demand is that policymakers in the United States review the decision and defy it", said Ezidyar. Erdogan said in a speech in the central Turkish city of Sivas.
White House and US State Department officials did not respond to requests for comment.
Asked about the comments in Paris, Mr Netanyahu fired back: "I'm not used to receiving lectures about morality from a leader who bombs Kurdish villages in his native Turkey, who jails journalists, helps Iran go around worldwide sanctions and who helps terrorists, including in Gaza, kill innocent people".
Israeli Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman, who heads the nationalist Yisrael Beiteinu party, called for a boycott of Arab businesses in an area where residents took part in violent protests of the USA recognition.
Avigdor Lieberman tells Israel's Army Radio Sunday that the Arabs of Wadi Ara in northern Israel are "not part of us" and Jewish Israelis should no longer visit their villages and buy their products.
He said it was "absurd" to deny the Jews' "ancient connection" to Jerusalem.
Trump's move on Wednesday to recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital upended decades of American diplomacy, causing an overwhelming global diplomatic backlash and sparking Palestinian protests and clashes with Israeli security forces.