However, very little is known about this giant ball of fire which is fuelled by the heavy nuclear fusion reaction happening at its core.
For scientists, understanding the Sun has been of utmost importance because it is from Sun that our Earth and other planets are formed.
Costing $1.5 billion dollars to build, launch and operate, Parker Solar Probe also aims to answer one of the most perplexing questions about the Sun: Why is the corona, the area immediately surrounding it, hotter than its surface? Temperature as high as 2,500 F exists in the region where the spacecraft will wander and thus, the spacecraft will be provided with a protective aid to carry out the sensors and instruments safely. It'll need to handle temperatures up to 2,500 degrees and will travel more than 430,000 miles per hour at one point.
The spacecraft had a different name earlier.
When NASA launches its Parker Solar Probe on a path to become the first to "touch the sun" later this year, it will likely have millions of people's names along for the ride. During its final orbit in 2025, the star's ferocity will grow too great and breach the composite shield, destroying the probe as well as the chip and sending the disintegrated remnants sailing on the very solar winds the probe was sent to study. Given the importance of his research and his involvement with this mission, NASA has named its mission for the first time on a living individual.
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United manager Jose Mourinho described his team's defending for that goal as "disgraceful, childish". The only thing is that has saddened me today is the fact we've gone home with no points.
The US-based agency is teaming up with Star Trek icon William Shatner to urge members of the public to sign up to have their names stored on a microchip that will stowed aboard the Parker Solar Probe. Learn more and add your name to the mission here. Those interested need to submit their names at this link by April 27.
The only thing that is required to send your name is a request for a name and email address.
Overall, Parker Probe mission seems to be full of science and adventure.
Solar flares pose a considerable threat to modern civilizations, and by more comprehensively understanding solar weather, scientists can better predict when and where the flares will occur. "In this case, given Parker's accomplishments within the field, and how closely aligned this mission is with his research, the decision was made to honor him prior to launch, in order to draw attention to his important contributions to heliophysics and space science", the space agency said.