The White House also said it plans to announce new measures to restrict Chinese investment "related to the acquisition of industrially significant technology" by 30 June.
The White House said "the United States will continue efforts to protect domestic technology and intellectual property, stop noneconomic transfers of industrially significant technology and intellectual property to China, and enhance access to the Chinese market".
The U.S.is also asking China to "remove all of its many trade barriers, including non-monetary trade barriers, which make it both hard and unfair to do business there".
Trump has bemoaned the massive USA trade deficit with China - $337 billion past year - as evidence that Beijing has been complicit in abusive trading practices.
A list of potential tariff targets has already been published by the United States Trade Representative and it largely includes intermediate goods used by companies to make other products as well as some consumer goods like televisions.
China has pledged to retaliate against any tariffs imposed by the US.
The White House also says the USA is planning new investment restrictions and export controls.
The White House said the policies included forced technology transfer; requiring licensing at less than economic value; state-directed acquisition of sensitive USA technology for strategic purposes; and outright cybertheft.
"If we're trying to change Chinese behavior, these noisy signals aren't going to get us there", said Phil Levy, senior fellow on the global economy at the Chicago Council on Global Affairs and a former senior economist in the George W. Bush administration.
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It is the latest twist in a trade dispute between the USA and China that has roiled financial markets and prompted the International Monetary Fund to warn of a trade war that could undermine the broadest global upswing in years.
The final list of items subject to the new tariffs will be released on June 15, with formal imposition of these duties occurring a few days later.
No mention was made after the last round of talks about intellectual property protection or Washington's initial demand in March that Beijing curb its Made in China 2025 industrial policy that promotes the development of world-beating Chinese brands in high-tech manufacturing.
FILE - A motorcade leaves the U.S. Embassy after U.S. officials had trade talks with Chinese counterparts, in Beijing, China, May 4, 2018.
"We were both surprised by and expecting the statement issued by the White House".
Trump said earlier that a resolution would help USA firms that supply ZTE with components, but members of Congress, including several Republicans, warned that the U.S.is being too lenient on a company that has violated US sanctions.
But when Trump subsequently said he would ease penalties against ZTE in order to save Chinese jobs, this drew a sharp backlash from his supporters.
The deal to reduce China's trade surplus with the U.S. was separate from the United States probe into China's alleged theft of intellectual property.