But even before Tuesday's ruling, many had reported difficulty obtaining a visa to travel to the U.S. following Trump's election.
Trump on Tuesday declared the ruling "a moment of profound vindication" following "months of hysterical commentary from the media and Democratic politicians who refuse to do what it takes to secure our border and our country".
The September proclamation establishing the ban said waivers could be granted if denying entry would cause "undue hardship", if entry of the person would not pose a threat to the United States, and if entry would be in the national interest.
While the president's ban did not directly apply to refugee processing (the Trump administration suspended admission of most Muslim refugees in a separate order), it did affect refugees and others in humanitarian need from the targeted countries who were depending on immigrant visas (outside the refugee admissions process) to flee imminent danger and to reunite with their families.
NPR's Nina Totenberg has full coverage of the court's decision in the travel ban case here.
The meeting also comes amid the latest legal win for the Trump White House as the Supreme Court ruled on Tuesday to uphold the administration's travel ban in a 5-4 decision.
The Senate's No. 2 Republican says political opponents are mischaracterizing a Supreme Court ruling upholding President Donald Trump's travel ban. Sen. It restricts entry from seven countries, though some very slightly, like Venezuela.
Iraq was covered by earlier versions of the travel ban, but the administration removed it citing its close cooperation in fighting ISIS. Trump as a candidate called for "a total and complete shutdown of Muslims entering the United States".
The high court in June and December 2017 allowed two versions of the ban to take effect while court challenges ran their course but had not resolved the legal merits of the challenges until now.
Jeff Flake says he won't hold up Trump's next Supreme Court justice
West Virginia Senator Joe Manchin says it would be tough to support someone who would revamp the landmark decision. Trump told Fox Business Network this week that he would probably not ask the question of potential nominees.
Trump also has moved to rescind protections for young immigrants sometimes called Dreamers brought into the United States illegally as children, acted against states and cities that protect illegal immigrants, ended protected status for certain immigrants in the country for decades, intensified deportation efforts and pursued limits on legal immigration.
This was partially in response to the dissenting opinion from Justice Sonia Sotomayor, which contended the ruling on Trump's travel ban has "stark parallels" with the "reasoning" behind the decision made regarding Korematsu.
The second ban expired, and the Supreme Court dismissed the Trump administration's appeals in relation to the prohibition.
The travel ban was among the court's biggest cases this term and the latest in a string of 5-4 decisions in which the conservative side of the court, bolstered by the addition of Gorsuch previous year, prevailed. "I think the majority opinion does signal courts are going to take a real look at justifications offered" when considering the legality and constitutionality of policies.
Explaining the reason for throwing out the challenge, chief justice John Roberts wrote that presidents have substantial power to regulate immigration.
Sotomayor's dissent, Roberts said, "affords this Court the opportunity to make express what is already obvious: Korematsu was gravely wrong the day it was decided, has been overruled in the court of history, and - to be clear - 'has no place in law under the Constitution'".
"This is not the first time the Court has been wrong, or has allowed official racism and xenophobia to continue rather than standing up to it", wrote the American Civil Liberties Union on its official Twitter account.
Attorney General Jeff Sessions said in a statement that the decision was "critical to ensuring the continued authority of President Trump - and all future presidents - to protect the American people".
But new State Department statistics released on Tuesday show that USA consular officers issued waivers to the ban in only 2 percent of visa applications over the course of almost five months. "These are the real world impacts for the Muslim community around this ban".
President Donald Trump is tweeting "Wow!" after the Supreme Court upheld his travel ban from several mostly Muslim countries.